Here are some TEFL resources - an advanced and proficiency level listening lesson plan for teachers of EFL/ESL, based on a video by CGP Grey about Daylight Saving Time. You will find a button to print out the lesson at the bottom of the page.
Get the students to discuss the following questions (if the students don't know the answers to some of the questions, get them to guess):
Get feedback from the students.
The students are going to watch the following video (Daylight Saving Time Explained, by CGP Grey, 6:40 minutes) through once (or twice if necessary), and then they need to answer the previous questions again, but this time according to the answers provided in the video.
After the students have answered the gist questions, and given feedback, get them to watch the first 2 minutes of the video again, and this time they need to fill the missing words into the text (you will find the answer key at the bottom of this page):
DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME EXPLAINED
Every year some countries move their clocks forward in the spring only to move them back in the autumn. To the vast majority of the world who doesn’t participate in this odd clock (1)_______________ – it seems a (2)_____________ thing to do. So what’s the reason behind it? The original idea, proposed by George Hudson, was to give people more sunlight in the summer. Of course, it’s important to note that changing a clock doesn’t actually make more sunlight – that’s not how physics works.
But, by moving the clocks forward an hour, compared to all other human activity, the sun will seem to both rise and set later. The time when the clocks are moved forward is called Daylight Saving Time and the rest of the year is called (3)________________ Time. This switch effectively gives people more time to enjoy the sunshine and nice summer weather after work. Hudson, in particular, wanted more sunlight so he could spend more time adding to his (4)_____________ collection.
When winter is coming the clocks move back, presumably because people won’t want to go outside anymore. But, winter doesn’t have this affect on everyone. If you live in a tropical place like Hawaii, you don’t really have to worry about seasons because they pretty much don’t happen. Every day, all year is sunny and beautiful so christmas is just as good of a day to (5)_________ the beach as any other. As so, Hawaii is one of two states in the Union that ignore daylight saving time.
But, the further you travel from the equator in either direction the more the seasons (6) ___________ themselves and you get colder and darker winters, making summer time much more valuable to the locals. So it’s no surprise that the further a country is from the (7) ___________ the more likely it uses daylight saving time.
Hudson proposed his idea in Wellington in 1895 – but it wasn’t well received and it took until 1916 for Germany to be the first country to put it into practice. Though, the (8)_________________ Germans were less concerned with catching butterflies on a fine summer evening than they were with saving coal to feed the war machine. The Germans thought daylight saving time would conserve energy. The reasoning goes that it encourages people to stay out later in the summer and thus use less artificial lighting.
This sounds logical, and it may have worked back in the more (9)_______________ society of a hundred years ago, but does it still work in the modern world?
That turns out to be a surprisingly difficult question to answer.
For example, take mankind’s greatest invention: AIR CONDITIONING. The magic box of cool that makes otherwise (10)__________________ sections of the world quite (11)______________ places to live. But, pumping heat out of your house isn’t cheap and turning on one air conditioner is the same as running dozens of tungsten light bulbs.
Get the students to give you the answers (in written form on a whiteboard is the best, so you can also check their spelling), and then discuss any of the words that may be new for them.
Here are some idioms about light, but the words are scrambled up. Get the students to unscramble them:
Once the students have worked out the idioms, get them to match the idiom with the definitions below:
Get each student to draw a picture of all 8 idioms on a piece of paper in random order. They then need to pass their drawing to another student who needs to match each drawing with the correct idiom. Get them to check with each other that they got the answers right. They can keep the drawings for future reference.
Get the students to ask each other questions using the idioms eg. When you've been working hard, what do you like to do for some light relief?
Get the students to write a report about the pros and cons of having daylight saving time, concluding with their opinion on the subject.
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