Are you interested in 10 ready made lessons about the definite article, the indefinite article and uncountable nouns with Students' and Teacher's Notes?
We use the ‘the’ when an item has already been mentioned previously:
We use ‘the’ when there is only one of something: t
he web/internet, the sun, the moon, the earth, the Queen of England, the Pope, the capital of France, the longest river, the tallest boy in the class etc
We use ‘the’ when there is only one of those things in that place and the surroundings:
We use ‘the’ when referring to a system or a service:
the police, the armed forces, the army, the girl guides, the radio
Television is an exception. Note the difference….
We use the definite article ‘the’ when using adjectives to discuss a people group:
the poor, the rich, the elderly, the unemployed, the disabled, the homeless
We use ‘the’ when indicating that it effects all types of that thing.
Fill in the missing articles:
African elephant is largest of proboscids. Of course, there are only two species of proboscids— other species being Asian elephant—so being bigger of two species many not sound like much of an achievement. But not only are African elephants largest proboscid, they are also largest land animal. Asian elephants are second largest land animal, followed by white rhinoceros and hippopotamus.
Here is a map of The Isolated Island. The students are going to practice using ‘the’ when there is only one of something, as The Isolated Island only has one of each thing. Write the numbers 1 to 25 on small pieces of paper and mix them up. Make a copy of the map for each of the students, as they are going to be telling a story about the island. The first student needs to choose a number and start off the story using their item. The next student follows on by choosing the next number and continuing the story. Make sure that the students use ‘the’ correctly throughout the story.
This can alternatively be done as a written exercise with the students writing their story following the number sequence consecutively.
This exercise would be best done for homework.
Give each of the students one of the following topics:
The students need to write 5 questions each about their topic, and every question needs to include the phrase that they have been given. They need to find out the answers to their questions at home, and formulate a multiple choice quiz for the rest of the class. At the next lesson the students can ask each other their quizzes. You can do this as a competition and see who gets the highest score.
The above grammar presentation and activities are an extract from my e-notes on Definite and Indefinite Articles. I have written 10 step-by-step ready to teach and ready formatted lessons, with lots of fun writing and speaking activities for your students to practice. Find out more.
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